Extraordinario: el libro "Bobby Fischer and His World", por John Donaldson

por Johannes Fischer
10/03/2021 – Bobby Fischer nació hace 78 años (y un día), el 9 de marzo de 1943. Se han escrito muchísimos artículos y también muchísimos libros sobre la estrella de ajedrez estadoundense, que sin duda era un genio, pero también ha sido un personaje complicado y de muchas controversias. Recientemente, el autor estadounidese John Donaldson ha publicado un nuevo libro sobre el undecimo campeón del mundo. El título del libro es "Bobby Fischer and His World". Lectura obligatoria para cualquier seguidor de Fischer que domine en inglés.

Master Class Vol.1: Bobby Fischer Master Class Vol.1: Bobby Fischer

Fischer al descubierto: aperturas, táctica, estrategia, finales... ¡Descubra de la mano de grandes maestros los secretos de su sensacional habilidad, que le permitieron lanzarse al ataque (y ganar) en solitario a la Escuela Soviética de Ajedrez!

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John Donaldson: Bobby Fischer and His World - A Review

Bobby Fischer's life is full of contradictions: he learned chess at the age of six, was US champion for the first time at 14, Grandmaster at 15, the youngest in the world then and until 1992, when Judit Polgar broke that record. In 1972 he became World Champion and caused a chess boom in the USA and many other countries of the world, but he himself did not play an official game for twenty years after winning the title.

Fischer's mother Regina was Jewish, just like his biological father, but Fischer himself repeatedly made headlines with anti-Semitic tirades. After winning the World Championship match against Boris Spassky in 1972, Fischer was celebrated in the USA, but later he caused a stir with anti-American statements.

In 2004, the US government demanded that Japan extradite Fischer to the US to stand trial for tax evasion – which would probably have resulted in a long prison sentence. Iceland then made Fischer an Icelander and so Fischer lived the last years of his life in Reykjavik, where he died on 17 January 2008 at the age of 64.

Bobby Fischer's grave in Reykjavik | Photo: Gerd Densing

But Donaldson's book Bobby Fischer and His World is not a classic biography that traces the life of its hero in detail year by year. Instead, Donaldson focuses on crucial moments in Fischer's career, which he illuminates in more detail.

I was interested in answering a number of nagging questions about the eleventh World Champion. Who was Fischer's chess teacher? How did Bobby make his incredible jump in strength from early June of 1955 to late August of 1958? Why did he have such a hatred of the United States government? Why, with his mother a doctor and his sister a nurse, did he possess such an aversion to Western medicine? Why did Fischer play Spassky a rematch after so many earlier planned matches had fallen through? What happened to his belongings, particularly those lost after his storage locker was auctioned off? ... As I ... dug deeper into my research ... I realized the first-hand observations, documentations, and opinions (some contradictory of others) that I had gathered from players, friends, supporters, and other people in Fischer's orbit wove a story. And that story is what developed into this book, a portrait of Fischer's world (p. XIII).

Thus, a large number contemporary witnesses, friends and acquaintances of Fischer are quoted in this book, and they convey a lively and multi-layered picture of Fischer, from his youthful years in New York, when he took his first steps into the chess world, through the "Dark Years" to Fischer's death in Reykjavik. Many facets of this picture are known – Fischer's paranoia, his mistrust, his anti-Semitism, his love of chess, his ambition and will to win, etc. – but at the same time the accounts also point to other sides of Fischer: for instance his friendliness, his sincerity, his boyish charm.

Fischer's life is well documented and researched, but Donaldson still discovered a whole host of little-known facts. For example, he mentions Fischer's short career as a correspondence chess player, or recounts how Fischer was once commissioned to adjudicate games, or tells how Fischer took part in the "Second Dewar's Sports Celebrity Tennis Tournament" in California in early June 1972, just before the start of his match against Spassky, a tournament in which about 60 of the best athletes in the USA competed against each other in tennis, including such famous names as basketball legend Elgin Baylor, boxing star Joe Frazier or O. J. Simpson, who then was still known as a football player first of all. Despite all these celebrities Donaldson claims that "Bobby was the centre of attention", and according to newspaper reports, quite a few of the big sports stars asked Fischer for his autograph.

Donaldson has also tracked down important, hitherto little-known people who played a major role in Fischer's life. One of them was Lina Grumette (1908-1988), six-time US Women's Champion, whom Fischer met when he stayed with her in Los Angeles during a trip in July 1957. She became something of a second mother to Bobby and even travelled to Reykjavik in 1972 during the critical phase of Fischer's World Championship match against Spassky, and apparently she played a major role in helping to convince Fischer to finish the match which made him World Champion. (Cf. pp. 119 to 121)

These short biographies of people who have crossed Fischer's path help to make Donaldson's book so exciting, interesting and readable. Through them one learns not only something about Fischer but also about the chess world in the USA, and players whose names one might only know because they appear in a database or a book after having played one or more games against Fischer, suddenly come to life. One example of this is Ron Gross, whom Fischer got to know at the US Junior Championship in 1955.

Bobby Fischer 1957 | Photo: Robert Walker, New York Times

Soon after, Gross moved to New York and the two youngsters explored New York's chess scene together. When Gross moved to California to study they still remained friends, and regularly met until the 1980s. Fischer visited Gross regularly and even after 1972, when Fischer hid from the public eye, the two went fishing together or travelled to Mexico. Until Fischer one day felt betrayed by Gross because of a newspaper article, which Fischer had not even read, but which was enough for him to end a 30-year friendship with a short telephone call.

The many wonderful black-and-white pictures that illustrate the book also convey a good impression of Bobby Fischer's world. They range from pictures showing the 13-year-old Fischer at the board to shots taken at the end of Fischer's career.

Donaldson, who is an International Master with two Grandmaster norms, also attaches great importance to Fischer's chess heritage. The book includes 99 games, and some of them are well-known, but Donaldson has also unearthed a number of previously unknown Fischer games.

All in all, Bobby Fischer and His World is exciting to read, and the thorough research, the entertaining writing, the many memories of contemporary witnesses, the wonderful pictures and the appreciation of Fischer's chess legacy, make this one of the best, if not the best book ever written about the controversial and fascinating life of Bobby Fischer.

John Donaldson, "Bobby Fischer and His World", 645 pages, Siles Press 2020. (The review copy was kindly provided by Schach Niggemann.)

The book's blurb reveals the following about the author John Donaldson:

John Donaldson, inspired by the World Championship between Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky, began playing chess in the fall of 1972, at the Tacoma Chess Club. He is an International Master with Grandmaster norms and has served as the U.S. team captain in twenty-one Olympiads and World Team Championships, including Lucerne 1993 and Baku 2016, where the Americans finished first. He has written numerous articles and books, including The Life & Games of Akiva Rubinstein: Vol. 1: Uncrowned King and Vol. 2: The Later Years and A Legend on the Road: Bobby Fischer’s 1964 Simultaneous Tour.

John Donaldson makes his home in Berkeley, California, with his partner Holly and their eighteen-year-old tuxedo cat Seuss.

Master Class Vol.1: Bobby Fischer

Fischer al descubierto: aperturas, táctica, estrategia, finales... ¡Descubra de la mano de grandes maestros los secretos de su sensacional habilidad, que le permitieron lanzarse al ataque (y ganar) en solitario a la Escuela Soviética de Ajedrez!

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Johannes Fischer nació en 1963 y es Maestro FIDE. Estudió Inglés y Literatura Alemana. Es traductor y vive en Nürnbergas. escribe regularmente para KARL, una revista alemana de ajedrez orientada a los aspectos culturales del juego, para el blog de ajedrez de ZEIT-Online y publica "Notes on Film, Literature and Chess" en su propio blog „Schöner Schein“.
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